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Projektankündigungen - Project Announcements

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Louise Jeffers School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), Lon

A study of Hittite prisoners-of-war and slaves

This study will explore the treatment by the Hittites of those who were not a part of the ruling elite – those who were ‘other’, examining the degree to which they were assimilated into society or were always considered to be different, to be permanent outsiders. I will focus primarily on those groups known as arnuwala or NAM.RA (those groups of civilian deportees from foreign, conquered lands who were brought back to Hatti en masse, following a victorious military campaign), as well as prisoners-of-war and slaves.

Typ: PhD
Supervisor: Dr Mark Weeden
E-mail: 123125@soas.ac.uk

Matteo Vigo Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Main

Akteure und Machtstrukturen in der hethitischen Gesellschaft

Projektbeschreibung Das von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) finanzierte Vorhaben widmet sich der Untersuchung der hethitischen Gesellschaft, ihrer Machtstrukturen und handelnden Personen sowie von Aspekten des Verwaltungssystems, die für die Gesamtfragestellung relevant sind. Die Ziele des beantragten Forschungsprogramms sind im Einzelnen: 1) Definition expliziter und impliziter Agenten in der hethitischen Gesellschaft 2) Sammlung der relevanten Keilschrifttexte und Auswertung ihrer spezifischen Bedeutung hinsichtlich der Fragestellung 3) Lexikalische Analyse von Titeln für Berufe, Ämter und sozialen Status 4) Untersuchung von hieroglyphen-luwischen Titeln in Siegelinschriften. Das Arbeitsprogramm des Vorhabens ist in drei selbstständige, aufeinander bezogene Arbeitspakete (AP) unterteilt: AP 1: Sammlung der relevanten Textquellen und Analyse von Schlüsselpassagen AP 2: Zusammenstellung der relevanten Lemmata (Titel) und lexikalische Analyse AP 3: Systematische Interpretation der Textquellen, übergreifende Analyse der Evidenz aus den Siegelinschriften. Den Kern der Untersuchung bildet in erster Linie das Studium der relevanten Textquellen aus hethitischen Tafelsammlungen. Sie bedient sich der Methoden der philologischen Analyse und historischen Interpretation von Texten. Im Hethitologie-Archiv der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur | Mainz, wo das Vorhaben angesiedelt ist, beheimatet eines der vollständigsten lexikalischen Archive der Hethitologie sowie eine umfassende Foto-Sammlung, die zu den hethitischen Keilschrifttexten zur Verfügung stehen. Die Ergebnisse des Vorhabens werden als Handbuch zur Sozialgeschichte der Hethiter angelegt. Ziel des Vorhabens ist es, dem Leser eine detaillierte Analyse der hethitischen Gesellschaft sowie der Organisation von Macht im Hethiterreich, von seinen Anfängen bis zum Ende des hethitischen Großreichs, zu bieten.

Typ: other
E-mail: matteo.vigo@adwmainz.de

Federico Giusfredi Verona

SLUW: A Computer-Aided Study of the Luwian (Morpho)-Syntax

Aim of this Marie Curie funded project is to create a Treebank of a significant selection of Luwian texts, in order to provide a scientific description of the (morpho-)syntax of the Luwian language. Attested ever since the 18th century BCE, Luwian is the second largest member of the most ancient attested branch of the Indo-European family. It evolved in a condition of extreme complexity over a thousand years and with the use of two different writing systems: the Hittite cuneiform script and the Anatolian Hieroglyphic script. Through the development of a specific tagging and labeling system and the analysis of the syntactical and morpho-syntactical patterns attested in the Luwian corpus, SLUW will produce a study of the syntax and morpho-syntax of the Luwian language.

Typ: other
Supervisor: Prof. Paola Cotticell-Kurras
E-mail: federico.giusfredi@univr.it

Livio Warbinek Università di Firenze

The Hittite KIN Oracle System

In the Ancient Near East the omens were considered messages from the gods. The Hittite solicited omens included extispicy, augury, “Bed” oracles, “Hurri”-bird oracles, “Snake” oracles and KIN oracles. Many studies explain how the different divination systems worked, however the KIN oracle frame still remains difficult to understand in all of its aspects. The KIN oracle system and its structure is the main topic of my PhD research project at the University of Florence (Dottorato in Studi Storici, XXX ciclo, estimated to end on March 2018) whose temporary title is “Il sistema mantico ittita KIN”. See: http://www.anatolistica.unifi.it/vp-187-il-procedimento-mantico-ittita-kin.html (Supervisors: Prof. Giulia Torri, Prof. Dr. Joost Hazenbos). The practical aspects of the KIN investigation system are deeply examined through the analysis of oracular operations attested in the Hittite sources (in particular CTH 572, 577, 578, 580, 582) in order to clarify its complex symbolic structure. In addition, my research focuses on other aspects such as the role played by the female practitioner MUNUS ŠU.GI as well as the deities mentioned in the KIN divinations.

Typ: PhD
Supervisor: Prof. Giulia Torri
E-mail: livio.warbinek@unifi.it

Mojca Cajnko Ljubljana

The Written Norm and Case Marking in Hittite

The written norm of Hittite is a complex phenomenon that has not been systematically researched. Many studies touching on parts of this problem have used commonly accepted yet unproven assumptions as a starting point and have not devoted much attention to the theoretical background. The goal of the research is to use the findings of functional grammar, case theory, linguistic typology and semiotics as a starting point for assessing what phenomena like word, classifier, case marking and logograms in Hittite actually are and, by addressing these questions, to provide a description of the basic characteristics of the Hittite written norm. The research will focus on nouns of Akkadian and Sumerian origin, proper nouns and writings consisting of these elements and on the functional and semantic value of originally Akkadian and Sumerian adpositions as well as on the functional value of phonetic complements of Hittite (and partially also Akkadian) origin.

Typ: other
E-mail: mojca.cajnko@gmail.com

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